A – Absorption
Vitamin D promotes calcium absorption to enable normal bone growth, strength and repair.
B – Bone health
Research has shown that a persistently low-level of Vitamin D predisposes some people to bone fractures.
C – Colour of your skin
The colour of your skin makes a big difference to how easily you can absorb Vitamin D from sunlight. Pale skinned people like myself make Vitamin D more quickly but we are also more likely to avoid the sun.
D – Dose
New guidelines say that everyone over 1-year-old should get 10mcg Vitamin D a day, particularly in the winter months. People who are housebound, pregnant or breastfeeding are being advised to take 10mcg all year round.
E – Exposure to sunlight
The most natural way to get Vitamin D is to expose bare skin to sunlight between 11 and 3 from April to September. The absorption of Vitamin D can happen very quickly, you don’t need to tan or burn to get Vitamin D.
F – Food
You can get very small amounts of Vitamin D from food such as oily fish, red meat, egg yolks, fortified drinks, cereals and milk. Food alone will not provide enough Vitamin D.
G – GP Diagnosis
Vitamin D deficiency can present with no symptoms at all, though generalised muscle aches and low mood have been reported. Diagnosis is made through a blood test at your GP surgery.
H – High – Rise Buildings
Large UK cities such as London which are densely populated with high-rise buildings can affect the amount of Vitamin D people are able to absorb due to the limited sunlight exposure on bare skin.
I – Immunity
According to recent news, a growing amount of evidence suggests that Vitamin D plays a key role in the immune system.
K – Knowledge
Barely more than a third of people are aware of Vitamin D advice.
L – Lack of outdoor space
A lack of outdoor space and children spending a reduced amount of time outdoors can also be a contributing factor to the increase of Vitamin D deficiency in this country.
M – Medical conditions related to Vitamin D deficiency
Depression, breast and colorectal cancer have all been linked to low levels of Vitamin D. There is also an increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease according to research.
N – Normal levels of Vitamin D
A serum 25 (OH) D level above 50 nmol/L is considered sufficient.
O – Office workers
Offices in urban areas provide very little natural exposure to sunlight, and may contribute to insufficient Vitamin D levels.
P – Pollution
Polluted air soaks up UVB or reflects it back into space. This means if you live in a high pollution area, your skin makes less Vitamin D.
Q – Quality
If you are worried about the quality of certain Vitamin D supplements, Pharmaceutical grade Vitamin D supplements such as FultiumdailyD3 are available in pharmacies. Just ask the pharmacy team.
R – Rickets caused by lack of Vitamin D
Rickets in children was a common occurrence in the past and mostly disappeared during the early 20th century after foods like margarine and cereals were fortified with Vitamin D. However, in recent years cases of rickets are on the rise.